Brandi J. Clark

Writer and Educator

Help! I Have to Teach Language Arts: A Language Arts Survival Mini-Course Part 3


You might need to Ketch-up!

Ketch up


You can find the previous lessons here – Lesson 1 and Lesson 2

By the way, thanks for hanging in there. I appreciate that you are taking the time to strengthen your skills as a teacher. Your students will appreciate that.

Knowing all this information is the difference between using a template and understanding the coding of a template.

I promise as you stay with this course you will understand how to connect all the smorgasbord of opportunities to take Language Arts to the max. I want you to be able to understand how to make your own Language Arts plans with the confidence to include web tools, Makerspace and Project-Based Learning.

So let’s keep going.

Today’s Lesson: Developing an Understanding of the Five General Outcomes

When I was able to dive deep and explore the contents of the five general outcomes, it opened up my world.

Among other things,  it makes it so much easier to link the content areas to language arts when the connections are made obvious.

Even though the general outcomes are listed separately they are in fact approached in the classroom as integrated with each other and the six language arts.

Here is a direct quote from the program of studies.

“The general outcomes are interrelated and interdependent; each is to be achieved through a variety of listening, speaking, reading, writing, viewing and representing experiences.”

Nothing in language arts is really on its own and this is important to understand.

In my experience the isolation of skills and processes leads to learning out of context and without the possibility of transfer.

So here we go…

Outcome 1: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to explore thoughts, ideas, feelings and experiences

Outcome 1

As mentioned in a prior post, outcome one  is all about students unpacking ideas, feelings and experiences whether this happens at the beginning, middle or end of a unit or lesson. In this outcome you can connect these processes: brainstorming, webbing, mind mapping, KWL charts, think-pair-share, anticipation guides, graffiti walls, place-mat activity, four corners, free writing, and quick writes.

Outcome 2: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to comprehend and respond personally and critically to oral, print and other media texts

Outcome 2 1

In the first section of Outcome 2 are your READING outcomes.  This is where you will find the support for phonics and comprehension strategy instruction. This is also your READER RESPONSE outcome. This outcome also suggests that reading a variety of texts is important as is examining them for AUTHOR’S PURPOSE. If you ever wondered where CLOSE READING fits, it fits here in outcome 2.


Outcome 2 2

The second section of Outcome 2 are your WRITING outcomes. Students will be using the variety of forms and genres encountered during reading instruction to create their own text. They will be experimenting with WORD CHOICE and collecting ideas to write about. If you have wondered where the WRITER’S NOTEBOOK fits, this is the general outcome to connect it to. Also there are connections to STORY WRITING  and CLOSE WRITING.

This outcome is “meaty” and requires a lot of attention in the language arts classroom.

Outcome 3: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to manage ideas and information

Outcome 3 1


Outcome 3 2

This outcome is your NONFICTION outcome. It can and should be connected to the other CONTENT AREAS. If you wondered where PBL fits in language arts, it is here.

This is also your RESEARCH outcome.

Outcome 4: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to enhance the clarity and artistry of communication

Outcome 4 1

In this half of outcome four we find SPELLING, WORD PLAY, EDITING, REVISION, CAPITALIZATION, PUNCTUATION and PRINTING/HANDWRITING.  This is the outcome focused on clarity and being precise.

Outcome 4 2

This half of outcome four is about PRESENTING to an audience and being an AUDIENCE member. If you wondered where AUTHOR’S CHAIR fits, it fits here.

Here is a direct quote from the program of studies.

“As students use English language arts in a variety of contexts with instruction, encouragement and support, they revise and edit to clarify meaning, achieve purposes and affect audiences.  In doing so, they apply the conventions of grammar, language usage, spelling, punctuation and capitalization.”

Think of outcome four as the Fix-em Up  and Presenting outcome.

Outcome 5: Students will listen, speak, read, write, view and represent to respect, support and collaborate with others.

Outcome 5

This is your GROUP WORK and CELEBRATING outcome. This is where students can be taught skills to work in partnerships and larger groups. Similar to the other outcomes, this one fits well with the other content areas. Social Studies is another subject area that has outcomes directed at working in groups. I would suggest comparing and combining the L.A. and Social Studies outcomes.

Here are some direct quotes from the program of studies.

“Language is necessary for working together. Students learn collaboration skills by discussing in groups, by building on the ideas of others, and by planning and working together to meet common goals and strengthen community.  In every classroom, students develop a sense of community.  They learn to use language to offer assistance and to participate in and enrich their classroom community.  In this way, students share perspectives and ideas, develop understanding and respect diversity.”

“Students learn that language is important for celebrating events of personal, social, community and national significance.  In their language learning and use, they develop their knowledge of language forms and functions.  As well, they come to know how language preserves and enriches culture.  To celebrate their own use of language, students display their work, share with others, and delight both in their own and others’ use of the language arts.”

Think of this outcome as the group work and celebration of work outcome.

This marks the end of today’s lesson.

I know.

You want me to keep going.

But I want you to digest today’s learning.

Know the Five General Outcomes.

Think about the resources you have access to and how they might match up to the five general outcomes.

Trust me…everything else makes sense if you understand these five general outcomes.

Until Next Time,

Coach Brandi!

Next Lesson:  Understanding “Text” in the English Language Arts program of studies (K-9)

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Library Card Equals Free Magazines! Here’s How!








Do you love magazines? Want them for free? Would like more ideas for the classroom?

Did you answer…yes…to at least one question?

Now do this.

Get a public library card.

I’ll wait.









How to Download FREE Magazines

1. Okay. Log in online to your public library website.

2. Choose digital resources from the navigational menu.

3. Choose e-magazines

4. Choose Zinio – or whatever reader they suggest







5. Sign-Up with Zinio-Install the Zinio App

zinio 2






6. Return the library website, choose digital resources …again…choose Zinio, sign in.

7. Voila…your life has improved immediately.







Wait!!!! Keep Reading…Below is Even Better

These are some of the magazines you can expect to find. The written blurbs are from the Edmonton Public Libary Website. You can download this titles for FREE to your new Zinio app. Always go through your library interface to download (free) and not to the Zinio (cost) website.

Are you Excited!!!







Me too!!


For the teacher of the Arts


  • ARTnews -The most widely circulated and award-winning publication in its field, ARTnews covers all art, from the ancient to the cutting edge. It provides behind-the-scenes access to galleries, museums, auction houses, and artists’ studios. With profiles of artists and collectors, reviews of gallery and museum exhibitions, news dispatches from a worldwide network of correspondents, and hard-hitting investigative reporting, ARTnews offers lively and comprehensive coverage of the people, places, events, and institutions shaping the international culture scene.
  • C Magazine provides rigorous and thought-provoking coverage of contemporary art practices in Canada and internationally. Publishing culturally engaged essays and reviews by both new and established writers, as well as artists’ projects, C Magazine is widely recognized as an essential platform for critical debate about contemporary art.
  • Cloth Paper Scissors is where mixed media artists come to play! Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced artist, every issue brings you innovative techniques; detailed photos and step-by-step instructions for unique projects from talented artists; and the inspiration and support for developing your own creative voice.
  • Juxtapoz magazine presents a gallery of underground artists who influence much of the fashion, graphics, and new art we see today, and its readers are the tastemakers who discern the newest cultural trends. Full-color layouts presenting painters, street artists, sculptors, cartoonists, and photographers are featured along with interviews, rare portfolios, sketches, and reviews. Juxtapoz is the brainchild of Robert Williams, world-renowned artist and father of the widely popular school of cartoon surrealism. Target audience is teens to hip adults


  • Accenti – reflects Italy’s influences on Canada’s cultural and literary heritage through original editorial content. Accenti appeals to readers who share an affinity for things Italian and Canadian, as it endeavours to act as a bridge between peoples.
  • Analog Science Fiction and Fact – Published since 1930, Analog Science Fiction and Fact presents an unbeatable combination of stimulating fiction stories, provocative editorials, and fascinating articles, all solidly rooted in science fact. Analog is the winner of numerous Nebula and Hugo awards, and one of the most enduring and popular magazines of science fiction.
  • Columbia Journalism Review (CJR) encourages and stimulates excellence in journalism in the service of a free society. Published by Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism, CJR examines press performance as well as the forces that affect it. The bimonthly magazine offers a deliberative mix of reporting, analysis, criticism, and commentary.
  • Publishers Weekly is the definitive professional resource covering every aspect of book publishing and book selling. Over 20,000 book and media professionals turn to Publishers Weekly each week for news and information. Publishers Weekly covers the creation, production, marketing and sale of the written word in book, audio, video and electronic formats.
  • The Writer – Since 1887 The Writer has provided the motivation, writing techniques, expert tips and compelling author insights that turn good writing into great writing. We’ll help you become a better writer, find markets for your work, understand the business of writing, follow industry news and trends, reach your goals, and more!
  • Qwerty is a literary magazine published by graduate students at the University of New Brunswick. It features fiction, poetry, art and photography from Canadian and international artists and writers


  • American Photo-American PHOTO is the premier showcase for outstanding photography. A reflection of contemporary culture through the camera’s lens, it inspires professionals and sophisticated amateurs alike with its coverage of art, fashion, journalism celebrity, sports, politics and advertising. American PHOTO is a stunning visual commentary on our world, featuring masters of photography among others. Each issue also includes technical data on the featured images as well as the behind-the-scenes anecdotes that relate to the shot.
  • Aperture is an essential guide to the world of contemporary photography that combines the finest writing with inspiring photographic portfolios. Re-conceived and redesigned in 2013, Aperture updates its sixty-year-old mission as the world’s most vital photography magazine with expanded portfolios, smart new columns, and insightful writing on the key themes and ideas on photography today
  • Digital Photo explores the exciting world of digital photography and technology. Every issue features the latest news, step-by-step instructions, evaluations of the latest equipment, photography tips from the pros and more
  • Digital Photo Pro is the serious digital photography enthusiast and professional’s guide to advanced technology and creativity. Each issue showcases the very best in photography, and helps readers navigate the sea of equipment, storage methods, electronics and more, so they can make better decisions and take better photos
  • Digital SLR Photography addresses the needs of today’s photographer in a lively, informative and stylish format. Dedicated to digital SLR photographers of all abilities, from beginner through enthusiast to professional it will inform and entertain you through a unique blend of technique articles, inspirational images, news and authoritative reviews. Covering topics such as landscapes, portraits and close up photography, this magazine provides a focused and comprehensive read guaranteed to help you get the most out of your photography
  • Outdoor Photographer’s blend of big, beautiful portfolios, in-depth how-to features, buyer’s guides and product reviews combine to make it the premier magazine about nature photography. Our expert staff of editors and columnists is committed to giving you the tools, techniques and inspiration to capture your favorite subjects in a whole new light. Whatever your interest, Outdoor Photographer will inspire and inform you. Special Introductory Offer
  • Popular Photography brings you step-by-step secrets of the pros for taking their most amazing shots. You’ll discover the best equipment at the best prices, get comprehensive comparative reports on cameras, lenses, film, digital equipment, printers, scanners, software, accessories and so much more
  • Shutterbug is the leading photo and imaging magazine for advanced amateur and professional photographers, and all who relate to their photography as a meaningful part of their lives. Inside every monthly issue you’ll get lighting pointers, pro studio tips, test reports, equipment reviews… and much more! Written by photographers, for photographers, Shutterbug is dedicated to helping photographers enhance their creative potential


  • For 50 years, Opera Canada has been the exclusive voice of opera in Canada and Canadians in opera around the world. Each issue includes insightful features on artists and performing companies, exclusive interviews, performance reviews, lively commentary and news of Canadian creators in major opera centers at home and abroad.
  • Future Music delivers the technique and technology behind the hits. Packed with inspiration for today’s modern musician there’s reviews of hot new gear, tons of tutorials to help you get the most out of your hardware and software, and exclusive In The Studio features where the stars take apart their tracks. Our Zinio edition does not include the DVD but DOES INCLUDE the full samples and tutorial files to download. Full details inside. Download does not include In The Studio With video. This digital edition is not printable.
  • Gramophone enriches your classical music experience and connects you with great recordings. Packed with features across all classical music genres, our globally acclaimed writers will inform and entertain you with independent and intelligent editorial and more than 150 reviews in every issue. Our reputation is founded on our acclaimed critical analyses of the latest CD releases, in-depth features and interviews with classical stars, and our comprehensive coverage of recorded and live music. Please Note: This price excludes VAT which will be added when you checkout.

For the teacher of Computer Technology

  • Apple Magazine is a weekly publication packed with news, iTunes and Apps reviews, interviews and original articles on anything and everything Apple. AppleMagazine brings a new concept of light, intelligent, innovative reading to your fingertips; with a global view of Apple and its influence on our lives – be it leisure activities, family or work-collaborative projects. Elegantly designed and highly interactive, AppleMagazine will also keep you updated on the latest weekly news. It’s that simple! It’s all about Apple and its worldwide culture influence, all in one place, and only one tap away.
  • iPhone Life – The only magazine dedicated to iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch users. Each regular issue is chocked full of reviews of apps, accessories and Apple handhelds. It’s also loaded with tips and how-to’s, user profiles, business solutions, and more. To read it on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch download the free “Zinio Newsstand & Reader App” from iTunes App Store.
  • MacWorld – Stay on top of today’s fast-changing Apple technology with Macworld magazine! Macworld is the ultimate resource for savvy users of Apple products. Every issue is filled with authoritative news, analysis, and tips about all things Apple — Mac, iPhone, iPad, and beyond! Best of all, Macworld brings you the most trusted product reviews, from Apple hardware to accessories to the very best apps. Make the most of your iPhone. Get work done on your iPad. Shoot videos with pizzazz. Print gorgeous digital photos. Make the most of your Apple products with Macworld!
  • PC World– Stay on top of today’s fast-changing technology with PCWorld magazine. Get buying advice from PCWorld’s reviews and lab-based rankings for laptops, PCs, smartphones, digital cameras, printers, HDTVs and more. Set up a home network. Make your PC faster. Choose effective anti-virus software. Every issue of PCWorld is packed with award-winning articles, product rankings, news, reviews, how-tos, tips, bug fixes and much more. Make the most of your PC, consumer electronics and digital technology right now with the trusted and expert advice from PC World!

For the teacher of Wellness

  • Alive-Each month alive delivers content that is fresh, innovative, and accessible. Trusted as the go-to resource for making healthy, natural, and sustainable lifestyle choices, alive articles explain complicated natural health and wellness topics. With actionable information designed to help improve your life, the topics covered include food, health, and lifestyle
  • The Art of Healing – The Art of Healing supports a holistic approach to wellness with a focus on the individual, and provides solutions that assists readers to lead a more responsible, conscious, and mindful life. Our aim is to deliver reliable information on how to attain and sustain optimal wellness, using the most natural means possible incorporating the physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, social and environmental aspects of wellbeing.
  • WellBeing is the World’s leading journal of natural health and living. A refreshingly intelligent reading experience, WellBeing offers inspiration for a way of life that is authentic and soulful. Reportage reviews the latest developments (or revived ancient practices) in natural living, and in-depth articles both challenge and inspire pragmatic action in the real-world balance of work, life, family and community. WellBeing reaches an increasingly sophisticated audience of citizens of the global village
  • Yoga Journal is for both the beginning and advanced practitioner, and the casual and committed reader

For the teacher of Science and Social Studies

  • AJ – Alternatives Journal provides critical and well-researched analysis of environmental issues in the clear, comprehensible style of a magazine. Issues are thematically focused, presenting in-depth exploration of specific topics like water conservation, climate change, green energy, sustainability, waste reduction and much more.Back issues cover the history of the environmental movement.
  • Astronomy -The world’s best-selling astronomy magazine offers you the most exciting, visually stunning, and timely coverage of the heavens above. Each monthly issue includes expert science reporting, vivid color photography, complete sky coverage, spot-on observing tips, informative telescope reviews, and much more! All this in a user-friendly style that’s perfect for astronomers at any level
  • Aviation Week & Space Technology -The world’s leading aviation and aerospace publication, delivering cutting edge developments in technology, business and operations in the key sectors: civil, military and space.
  • Canadian National Geographic – One of Canada’s most award-winning magazines! Filled with stunning colour photography, fascinating articles and specially commissioned maps, each issue of Canadian Geographic magazine lets you travel the country without leaving home. You’ll discover Canada’s people and cities, our wildlife and wilderness, our history and the beauty of our land. Subscriptions include 6 regular issues of Canadian Geographic plus 4 issues of Canadian Geographic Travel per year.
  • Consumer Reports -Ratings, recommendations, reliability reports, safety and price comparisons from the world’s largest consumer testing center. Helps consumers make better choices for everything from cars to cell phone service. The only magazine of its kind: Expert, independent, nonprofit. 100% unbiased. Consumer Reports accepts no outside advertising
  • Canada’s History features beautifully illustrated, factual, well-written articles on every aspect of Canada’s past and how it’s shaped today. Six times a year, the magazine tells the ongoing story of this country and its industrious and spirited people. Rediscover Canada with stories that surprise and entertain you. Only in Canada’s History, eh!
  • Discover Magazine -will amaze you, enlighten you, and open your eyes to the awe and wonder of science and technology. Discover reveals secrets, solves mysteries, and debunks old myths. Discover shares new findings and shows you what makes our universe tick.
  • Each month, EARTH Magazine brings the latest news and information about the science of the Earth, energy, and the environment in a colorful and approachable format ideal for all. All EARTH stories come straight from the actual published science and tells the real story behind the headlines.
  • National Geographic – Amazing discoveries and experiences await you in every issue of National Geographic magazine. The latest news in science, exploration, and culture will open your eyes to the world’s many wonders. Experience the same high-quality articles and breathtaking photography contained in the print edition, along with interactive capabilities such as audio, and videos, enhanced navigation and faster browsing.
  • Our Canada -The extraordinary magazine that brings our country to life! Share in the stories, photos, special hometown places, and family-favourite recipes that make this the most unique. proud-to-be-Canadian magazine ever. Every picture and story in this one-of-a-kind magazine will bring Canada to vivid, colourful life for you. Join over 1,000,000 readers – and celebrate Canada!
  • Popular Mechanics helps the reader master the modern world, presenting trusted information about his home, his car, his technology and the world around him. With tool tests, building projects, car reviews and more, Popular Mechanics shows the American man how to upgrade his life. And the magazine’s analysis of the latest developments in technology and engineering keeps him in the know about the science behind the news-from alternative energy to military technology to digital privacy. Each month, nearly 9 million curious minds turn to Popular Mechanics for advice and in-depth reporting.
  • Popular Science -This is the most exciting time to be alive in history. Discovery and innovation are reshaping the world around us, and Popular Science makes even the most complex ideas entertaining and accessible. By taking an upbeat, solutions-oriented look at today’s most audacious science and revolutionary technology, we forecast what tomorrow will be like. We deliver the future now.
  • Science. Offering news, analysis, and pioneering original research, Science is your source for information on the latest developments in the scientific community. Subscribe today and enjoy 51 weekly issues plus universal access to the entire Science website. Your subscription also includes a one year membership in AAAS, with full member benefits, including AAAS MemberCentral, the exclusive website of the AAAS member community.
  • Science Illustrated is an upbeat, visually spectacular gateway to cutting-edge science, which covers a tremendous range of subjects: from paleontology to space exploration, and medical breakthroughs to the latest environmental insights. Science Illustrated aims to report on the world of science in a way that’s dynamic, engaging and accessible for all.
  • SkyNews, the magazine of astronomy and stargazing, features complete observing information, expert equipment reviews, star chart — everything beginners and intermediate amateur astronomers and astrophotographers need. Edited by astronomy author Terence Dickinson, published in Canada, writers include equipment guru Alan Dyer, comet hunter David Levy, wilderness astronomer Peter McMahon, Ken Hewitt-White, Gary Seronik, Ray Villard
  • Smithsonian Magazine takes you on a journey through history, science, world culture and technology with breathtaking images from around the world
  • UTne Reader – Since 1984, Utne Reader has been the vanguard of the alternative press,celebrating independent news and views from across the political spectrum. With ideas, trends and solutions you won’t see in the mainstream media for months or even years, those who want to know what’s happening next, read Utne Reader first.

For the CTS teacher

  • Architectural Record is your in-depth guide to contemporary architectural design, practice and technology. Each issue offers detailed perspectives of the most interesting projects from around the world. In addition, comprehensive coverage of noteworthy new products and technology will keep you both informed and inspired
  • Woodcraft Magazine is written by woodworkers for woodworking enthusiasts of all skill levels. Every issue includes detailed, step-by-step project plans, workshop tips and techniques, tool reviews and much more.
  • Woodworker’s Journal is the magazine for people who love to work with wood. Woodworkers of any skill level will find top-tier plans to build great projects, expert reviews of woodworking tools, and a ton of woodworking tips and techniques. Woodworker’s Journal will keep you inspired and motivated.

For teachers of Elementary Students

  • chickaDEE is a fun, hands-on magazine for 6- to 9-year-olds whose thirst for knowledge and appetite for humour are insatiable. The magazine is packed with stories, puzzles, animal features and science experiments to educate and entertain readers. Each issue is based on a different editorial theme, such as “Space” or “Ancient Greece
  • Chirp reflects the energy, curiosity and humor of children ages 3 to 6 as they discover the world around them. With read-out-loud stories, engaging illustrations, interactive puzzles, games and crafts, Chirp is a comforting companion for kids.Educational and Entertaining: Canada’s fascinating history is brought to life through beautifully illustrated feature stories, articles on contemporary Canadian celebrities, original comics, games, jokes and contests . Published 4 times a year, kid-friendly comic book format — suitable for kids ages 7-12.
  • OWL is a general-interest magazine for 9- to 13-year-olds filled with timely, reliable, and relevant information on everything from sports and the environment, to pop culture and peer relationships. Kids will also love the original comics, quirky facts, and mind-boggling puzzles.
  • ZAMOOF! magazine is vibrant and full of fun, PLUS educates youth in making healthy and safe choices. A publication parents trust and kids love to read! Jam packed with comics, puzzles, games, crafts, jokes, sports, girl stuff, pet fun, movie previews, stories, recipes, interviews, true stories, posters &more. It encourages reading, empowers kids with confidence and includes youth submissions and comments. The SUPER SUMMER issue is loaded with extra fun and games for travel, poolside or just hangin’ out. There is no youth publication like it! Age: 7-12 years.

So that’s what I talkin’ about today….

See you next time,